Serbs, Croats): 13,000 or 10.5% Arabs: 8,000 or 6.5% Italians: 8,000 or 6.5% Greeks: 7,500 or 6.0% Poles: 4,000 or 3.2% Afghans: 3,600 or 3% Pakistanis: 2,700 or 2.2% Until the early 1970s Offenbach was dominated by the machine-building and leather industries.
The city hosts the German Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies to this day.
In the east the three incorporated: Bürgel (incorporated 1908), Bieber (incorporated April 1, 1938), and Rumpenheim (incorporated April 4, 1942).During the Second World War the city suffered heavily from bombing by the Allied Forces.More than half of the city's population have a non-German background, with Turks, former Yugoslavs, Arabs, Italians, Greeks and Poles as major groups.The town has its own trade fair, and many companies have opened facilities here because there are fewer restrictions and no closed businesses.French Protestants (Huguenots) came in the 17th century and settled in Offenbach and contributed to making Offenbach a prosperous city, e.g., bringing knowledge of tobacco with them and turning Offenbach into a centre for rolling cigars.
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In the 19th century the city became industrialized and the population increased even tenfold.Offenbach is one of the German cities where Germans without migrant background make up a minority of the population. 44.3% of residents or 55,047 people had no foreign background.Klingspor and Linotype (inventors of Optima or Palatino typeface) moving to nearby Eschborn in the 1970s and MAN Roland printing machines still a major employer today.Typography and design still remain important with a cluster of graphic design and industrial design companies, as well as the university level Hochschule für Gestaltung Offenbach am Main design school and the Klingspor Museum.In the south are the newer suburbs Lauterborn and Rosenhöhe, Tempelsee, the office town Kaiserlei and the industrial area Waldheim.