Most of the latter two now form the state of Schleswig-Holstein in northern Germany.
In 1397, Denmark entered into a personal union with Norway and Sweden, united under Queen Margaret I.
From the 8th to the 10th century the wider Scandinavian region was the source of Vikings.
They colonised, raided, and traded in all parts of Europe.
As attested by the Jelling stones, the Danes were Christianised around 965 by Harald Bluetooth, the son of Gorm.Denmark, Sweden and Norway were ruled together under the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523. kostenlose fickanzeigen Wolfsburg Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until outside forces dissolved the union in 1814.Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948; in Greenland home rule was established in 1979 and further autonomy in 2009.Denmark became a member of the European Economic Community (now the EU) in 1973, maintaining certain opt-outs; it retains its own currency, the krone.
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This is centred primarily on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending.Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, and the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", The Nordic Bronze Age (1800–600 BC) in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot.The union with Norway made it possible for Denmark to inherit the Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Greenland.Beginning in the 17th century, there were several cessions of territory to Sweden.The tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands (Zealand) and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
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Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal Jutes.It is believed that Denmark became Christian for political reasons so as not to get invaded by the rising Christian power in Europe, the Holy Roman Empire, which was an important trading area for the Danes.In that case, Harald built six fortresses around Denmark called Trelleborg and built a further Danevirke.During the Pre-Roman Iron Age (500 BC – AD 1), native groups began migrating south, and the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, The Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, and Roman coins have been found in Denmark.Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron.